Well as the title says yesterday (not today) I spent the day making cheese. I am so pleased I have finally found somewhere I can get raw milk from (which until my cows can have calves I really need) and I can get easily as much as I need…….so yesterday I got 40 litres (in fact a little bit more).
So I spent the day making cheese and put 25 litres of milk to what I think was good use.
In the end
Gouda ~ did one large one which I cut in half and 2 small ones – one I put cracked black pepper in (I had this made by a commercial company and really liked it)…altogether around 3kgs (61/2 lbs)of cheese
Had huge amounts of whey left so that was used 2 ways..
Ricotta ~ I would say about 1kg (2lbs)
…….and after that had been strained what was left went out to the pigs this morning….so nothing was wasted….I like that…a lot
I’ve still got 20 litres or so left so I’m thinking Mozzarella either today or tomorrow.
It’s been a bit of a revelation to rediscover just how fascinating milk is. Don’t get me wrong I think I’ve always though it was amazing because there are so many things you can do / make with milk but cheese making has given me a completely different appreciation of it all over again …..
Does that make me sound sad ?!!!…Oh gawd I sound like I have no life and now I find milk fascinating!!! Ahhh well I’ll just go and sit quietly and rock in a corner LOL!!
Well I pretty much think says what I’ve been up recently..I’ve not been keeping up with writing on here.
I’ve wanted to make cheese for a long time. I thought to begin with how hard can it be…then I started reading …..Oh good grief to quote someone I was speaking to recently..it seemed like a dark art !!!!!!
So I avoided it for a while even though I had my lovely cheese press.
Cheddar type cheese
What I used:
- 16 litres of raw milk (4 gallons roughly…I worked it out on 4 litres per gallon and it worked fine)
- 7.5mls liquid rennet (7mls per 10 litres of milk)
- 1oz salt
- Mesophilic starter culture
- Large heavy bottomed pan (or a double boiler)
- Cheese cloth for draining
- Long knife for cutting
- Warm the milk until it is 30 deg F..needs to be done slowly.
- Then add Mesophillic starter (I’m not going to put amounts because it will depend on who the supplier is or if you make your own as to what is needed for the amount of milk you are using…mix thoroughly and then leave it to ripen for an hour.
- Add the rennet and then slowly pour it into the milk and stir for at least 5 minutes.
- Allow the milk to set for 1-2 hours until you get a clean break
- Cut the curds with a long knife into ¼ inch cubes and then let them sit for 15minutes to set.
- Slowly raise the temp of the milk to 102 deg F over a 45 minute period stir every few minutes so the curds don’t stick together. Then cook them for another 45 minutes at 102 degrees – keep stirring. (I sat the big pan on top of a roasting tin filled with water (it was too big to fit in anything else..but a smaller pan could go on a double boiler to keep it at 102.
- Drain the whey off quickly into a cheese cloth lined colander….try not to let the curds mat together. I drained off as much of the whey as possible before I drained the curds into the collader.
- Put the curds back in the pan / double boiler and stir then to break up any bits that have matted.
- Add the salt and mix well.
- Cook them for one hour stirring every few minutes (I kept the heat really low and it kept the temp at 102)
- Put the curds in a cheese cloth and then………….
Ta da…the cheese press gets it’s first use (the beginning of many I can now tell you)…..
- Press the cheese at 20lbs for 45 minutes
- Remove from the press and turn it over and press at 40lbs for 3 hours.
- Remove from the press , turn it over and press at 50lbs for 24 hours.
- Remove from the press, put on a cheese board and dry at room temp for 3-5 days until the cheese is dry to the touch…turn every day.
- Wax the cheese and age in the fridge for 3 – 24 months depending on how sharp you want the flavour. Make sure it is turned every few days so it dries evenly.
(You can use shop bought milk and add ¼ tsp calcium chloride per gallon of milk)
If you want flavours like horseradish or jalepeno then you add them just before the first pressing…Sprinkle them evenly and then mix well.